Australasian Journal of Philosophy

Authors' Instructions Concerning Submissions

All submissions to the Journal are now made via Unsolicited contributions (Articles and Discussion Notes) and Solicited Contributions (Reviews etc.) must meet the Minimum Standard described below (except that solicited contributions do not have to be made anonymous).


1. Before Submission
2. The Submission Process
3. Minimum Standard
4. Journal Style

1. Before Submission

Authors are strongly advised to read the Journal's Editorial Policy, Editorial Procedures and Referees' Instructions pages before contemplating submission of a paper.

2. The Submission Process

Submissions are made online at the Australasian Journal of Philosophy ScholarOne Manuscripts site. New users should first create an account; the Journal's referees have had an account created for them in advance. If you are a new user, you will be prompted to enter some keywords: you should enter keywords identifying your areas of research expertise; there is provision to make these quite detailed. (They will help us if we later decide we wish to engage your services as a referee.) Once logged on to the site, users should submit their papers via the Author Centre. Online user guides and access to a helpdesk are available on this website.

Manuscripts (other than book reviews or book notes; as to which, see below) may be submitted in a limited range of standard formats, including .doc, .docx, .rtf, PostScript and .pdf. These files will be automatically converted into a PDF file for the review process. Authors who write in LaTeX must convert their files to PDF prior to submission, because the submission interface does not accept LaTeX files. Neither does it handle documents prepared in some recent word-processing formats such as .odt. These restrictions may be overcome by using your word processor's "Save As" option to save your document as a different (e.g. .doc or .rtf) file type, or, again, by converting to PDF before submission.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Although it will handle Greek, the interface does not reliably convert unusual embedded fonts, for example, those which may be used for special characters such as logic symbols or diacritical marks (as found in the rendition of, e.g., Sanskrit). Papers which contain any such characters must be submitted as .pdf files. Authors who do not take this precaution are warned that their texts may contain non-obvious errors which can seriously mislead referees.

Book reviews and book notes must be submitted in doc or docx formats. They must contain no footnotes or endnotes. Book notes must also contain no bibliography.

The submission process cannot be completed unless the author certifies that the manuscript meets the Journal's Minimum Standard.

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3. Minimum Standard

ScholarOne Manuscripts offers authors the option of supplying a 'cover letter'. The AJP requires authors to include such a letter, which must contain all useful contact information, including email address, fax and phone numbers, postal address, etc., plus notification of any expected changes in these details.

All submissions must be in English, formatted to be double-spaced with margins of not less than 25mm (or one inch), an A4 page size, and automatic page numbering.

For all submissions other than book reviews and book notes, a short but properly informative abstract (maximum 200 words for a full-length paper) at the beginning of the paper is required, followed by 3 to 6 keywords. Please note that the abstract must not merely be repeating a paragraph, say, from within the body of the paper. In other words, the abstract must add something new for readers.

Authors should also take special note of the Journal's policy on word limits: see Editorial Policy.

Typescripts must be carefully proof-read prior to submission so that referees do not have their time wasted in identifying and listing errors. The most common authorial error consists in failing to reconcile in-text citations with the final bibliography.

In order to facilitate dispassionate refereeing, neither the name(s) of the author(s) nor any institutional affiliation may be shown in the paper itself, and all references to an author's own work(s) must be disguised (e.g. by being made in an impersonal and neutral form), with journal and book titles/publishers suppressed, or omitted altogether. Acknowledgements of gratitude must likewise be omitted. Self-identifying references may be restored after the evaluation process is complete. (But none of this paragraph's constraints apply to book reviews or book notes.)

The Editor requires that all the above conditions are met as a minimum standard before the paper is considered, and advises authors that footnotes rather than endnotes are more convenient for readers, as is a final consolidated list of references.

Although submissions meeting only the above minimum standard will be considered for publication, it is Editorial Policy that any submission which is accepted (conditionally or unconditionally) for publication must immediately be brought into conformity with the more exacting standards of journal style, described below. That is, when a paper has been accepted, the author(s) will be required to supply a final electronic version which so conforms. Publication will not otherwise be proceeded with.

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4. Journal Style

For purposes of assessment, only the much less exacting Minimum Standard need be met. The requirements of Journal Style are not imposed on authors until a paper has been conditionally accepted, or unconditionally accepted for publication, when it must be supplied in a limited range of formats which the publisher's typesetters can handle, namely .doc, .docx, or .rtf. Only these are acceptable formats to be used at this stage of the process. (Authors whose original submission was written in LaTeX can find help with the conversion process here.) The content must conform to the guidelines below.

For those who need more advice than is given in the summary immediately below, there is a table at the end of this page, displaying links to downloadable pdf versions of short documents which give more detailed information on AJP Journal Style requirements. All documents are provided in both A4 and US Letter formats for easy printing.

Layout Style

Authors should take the appearance of a recent article in the printed version of the Journal as a rough guide for the production, conventions and layout of a finished typescript. The following general pattern must be followed in production of a final version for the Editor:

Author's Name
(N.B. As space is at a premium, the abstract must not just repeat passages from the opening of the main text.)
[3 to 6 carefully chosen keywords will maximize the chance of your article's being found in electronic searching.]
Main Text*
Funding Information
Institutional Affiliation
Appendices (as appropriate)
Table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages)
Figure caption(s) (as a list)
*The Main Text should be divided into convenient sections with arabic numerals for each section and decimalization for sub-sections. For example:
1. Introduction
Some text.
A footnote. {N.B. The AJP require footnotes, not endnotes.}
2. What Does a Logical Constant Mean? 
2.1 The Core Tenets of Inferential Role Semantics
Some more text.
2.2 Proof-Conditional Semantics and the Sequent Calculus
Yet more text.]

Text Style

Acronyms are deprecated. Unmemorable acronyms are prohibited.

The Oxford English Dictionary's version of UK usage is the Journal's normal standard for spelling; any spellchecker should be set to UK English. Quotations should follow the spelling of the quoted source.

Substantial quotations (40 words or more) should be indented without quotation marks. Other quotations should be enclosed by single quotation marks. Double quotation marks should be used only in the following ways: as inner quotation marks within single quotation marks, for example, for quotations within quotations; and to enable the exact reproduction of quoted material (i.e. where a quoted author has himself used them). Closing punctuation should be shown outside the quotation marks unless it belongs to the quoted text. Be aware of the difference between an apostrophe () and a prime (′); don't use the former as a substitute for the latter.

Format for left justification only and disable any hyphenization programme.

The AJP uses an author-date system of citations. The date used in the main text and footnotes should be that of the edition used. Anachronism and absurdity (such as 'Kant 1979') should be minimized, where possible, by using the original date of publication in citations (for example, 'Moore 1903' rather than the date of some later collection of essays) and indicating in the Bibliography the date of the edition actually cited (as, e.g., in the 'Edited Text' example shown below). References should be given in square brackets, in the text whenever possible. Footnotes should be substantive; those merely giving citations should be avoided.

Citations should appear in the text in the following forms: [author's surname(s) year: page number(s) if any], unless the author's name forms part of the sentence.
Examples: 'As Lycan [2001: 25–9] notices . . .'
'Several authors have taken this view [Goldman 1994: 107; Velleman 1995; Black 2002: 159, 161–3].'
'A typical version of this argument can be found in Bloggs [2008: 257–64].'
Note that there is no comma between author and date, and page numbers (if any) are set off from the date by a colon. Several works by an author in the same year should be distinguished by adding a lower case letter to the date, as [Jones 1999a: 23, 1999b]. On the use of 'ibid.', see below.

Bibliography: a final list, in alphabetical order by author (and listing all authors as part of an entry when the entry is multi-authored), and titled 'REFERENCES', must be included, and items must be formatted according to the following examples.


Black, Tim 2002. A Moorean Response to Brain-in-a-Vat Scepticism, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80/2: 148–63.

Stevens, G. 2004. From Russell's Paradox to the Theory of Judgement: Wittgenstein and Russell on the Unity of the Proposition, Theoria 70/1: 28–61.

Weinberg, J.M., S. Nichols, and S. Stich 2001. Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions, Philosophical Topics 29/1&2: 429–60.

[Note that, to aid searching, both volume and issue numbers must be supplied for journal citations. Note also that an author's given name(s) may be listed either in full or just via initial letter(s). Do not use '&' for multi-author listings; use 'and' instead. When an author is listed more than once in a given bibliography, his/her name must be used each time; do not replace it with dashes, such as in the second or third listings of the name. And when an author appears both singly and as a lead co-author, the former should precede the latter in the list.]


Devitt, Michael and Kim Sterelny 1987. Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language, Oxford: Blackwell.

Foley, Richard 2012. When Is True Belief Knowledge?, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Hetherington, S. 2011. How To Know: A Practicalist Conception of Knowledge. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.



Beall, J.C. 2007. Truth and Paradox: A Philosophical Sketch, in Philosophy of Logic, ed. Dale Jacquette, Amsterdam: North-Holland: 325–410.

Jones, Karen 2005. Moral Epistemology, in The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy, ed. Frank Jackson and Michael Smith, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 63–85.


Ludlow, P., Y. Nagasawa, and D. Stoljar, eds, 2004. There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.


Hume, D. 1747 (1974). A Treatise of Human Nature, ed. P.H. Nidditch, Oxford: Clarendon Press.


Candlish, Stewart 2007. The Identity Theory of Truth, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2007 Edition), ed. Edward N. Zalta, URL = <>

Note that titles of journal articles and chapters in books are not in quotes. Titles of books and journals are given in italics. Volume and issue numbers of journals are given in Arabic numerals. Both the city of publication and the publisher are given for books. Where more than one work by the same person is listed, the author's name must be repeated in the list rather than replaced by dashes (this is, again, to aid searching), and the items listed must be in chronological order, except that alphabetical order trumps chronological, so that co-authored items always follow single-authored items by the same person: e.g. 'Bloggs, J. and A.N. Other 1984' follows, rather than precedes, 'Bloggs, J. 1993' (but precedes, rather than follows, 'Bloggs, J. and M. Zitwell 1979). Note that when an author has two or more initials, these are not to be separated by spaces: hence 'A.N. Other' is correct, while 'A. N. Other' is not.

The most common authorial error, even at the final stages of preparation, consists in failing to reconcile in-text citations with the final bibliography.



As to the form that should be taken by the citations within an article or a book review, here are some (fictional) examples:

-- and that is that (see Jones [2006: 131]).   

--and that is still that (see Jones [2006: 131] and Smith [2008]).

--and that is, yes, still that (se Jones [2006:131], Smith [2008], and Gupta [2010: ch. 5])

--and that is that [Jones 2006: 131].

--and that is that [Jones 2006: 131, 2009: 45].

--and that is that [Jones 2006, 2009].

--and that is still that. For discussion, see Jones [2006: 131] and Smith [2008].

---and that is, yes, still that. For discussion, see Jones [2006: 131], Smith [2008], and Gupta [2010: ch. 5]

The curved parentheses are used when something is added to the pure citation, even if that 'something' is as little as an 'e.g.': thus, '(e.g. Jones [2006: 131])'. The square brackets are used for a pure citation: thus, 'See, for example, Jones [2006] and Smith [2008].'

Note that multiple-author citations within the article or review should be chronologically rather than alphabetically ordered:

--and that is still that [Jones 2006; Smith 2008; Gupta 2010].

Do not use '&' in multi-author citations.

Some further citation details:

'ibid.' is not italicised

'ibid.' on its own is used to denote the very same citation as the immediately preceding one

'ibid.: 55' (for example) directs the reader to p. 55 at the same source as was denoted in the preceding citation

Page numbering.  Correct: 10–19, 51–5, 100–1, 110–19. Incorrect: 10–9, 51–55, 100–101, 110–119, 110–9

Some abbreviations.  Correct: 'Murgatroyd [1951: ch. 4]' and 'Wooster [1947: sec. 5]'.  Incorrect: 'Murgatroyd [1951: Ch. 4]' and 'Wooster [1947: Sec. 5]'

Uses of 'e.g.':

Correct: 'see, e.g., Smith [1951]'; '(e.g. Smith [1951])'. At least, that is correct within a footnote. Within the main text, we do not use 'e.g.'; we use 'for example'

Incorrect: 'see e.g. Smith [1951]'; '(e.g., Smith [1951])' 

(The same points apply to uses of 'i.e.'.)

Internal references:

'as we will see (section 3)' is correct, while 'as we will see (§3)' is incorrect.



Please provide the highest quality figure format possible. To improve the print and online display, please ensure that all figures and graphics are supplied at the appropriate resolutions listed below:

Minimum 1200 dpi for line art; Minimum 600 dpi for greyscale; Minimum 300 dpi for colour.

Figures must be saved separate to text. Please do not embed figures in the manuscript file.

Files should be saved as one of the following formats: TIFF (tagged image file format), PostScript or EPS (encapsulated PostScript), and should contain all the necessary font information and the source file of the application (e.g. CorelDraw/Mac, CorelDraw/PC).

All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). In multi-part figures, each part should be labelled (e.g. Figure 1(a), Figure 1(b)).

Figure captions must be saved separately, as part of the file containing the complete text of the manuscript, and numbered correspondingly.

The filename for a graphic should be descriptive of the graphic, e.g. Figure1, Figure2a.



Use 'in so far', not 'insofar'.

Use the Oxford comma:

Correct: 'it was intriguing, provocative, and false'; ' see Smith, Lan, and Mehta [1995]'

Incorrect: 'it was intriguing, provocative and false'; 'see Smith, Lan and Mehta [1995]'.

Do not use 'though' when 'although' is correct.

Do not lightly discard 'that' immediately following 'believe', 'assume', 'suppose', 'know', and the like. For example, compare 'she believes she will do X' with 'she believes that she will do X'. The point extends further: compare 'The thing I discovered' with 'The thing that I discovered', or 'It is something he takes for granted' with 'It is something that he takes for granted', or 'the fact is we do so' with 'the fact is that we do so', and so on.

Similar advice pertains to a phrase such as 'in which': compare 'the way people think about the issue' with 'the way in which people think about the issue'.

Do not discard the 'of' from phrases of the form 'all the Xs', say.

Do not write 'will try and do', for example, when 'will try to do' is meant.

Do not write a phrase of the form 'will help A do X' when what is meant is 'will help A to do X'. In short, don't lightly discard 'to'.

Do not use 'could care less' when what is literally intended is 'could not care less'.

Do not begin a sentence with 'Whether or not' when what is intended is 'Regardless of whether or not'.

Do not use 'the question/issue is whether' when what is intended, more precisely, is 'the question/issue is that of whether' (or even 'the question/issue is one of whether').

Do not use 'That said,' when what is intended is 'With that said,'.

Do not use semi-colons and colons interchangeably. They have distinct functions. Semi-colons function either as a form of comma when there is, in effect, a list of ideas or clauses, or as a way of contrasting one idea with another. A colon lacks that contrastive function: a colon allows one to expand upon, or to illustrate, whatever idea precedes it. (Correct: 'It was a Gettiered belief: it was therefore true.' Correct: 'It was a Gettiered belief; it was not knowledge.' Incorrect: 'It was a Gettiered belief; it was therefore true.')

Do not use 'e.g.' or 'i.e.' in the body of the paper. Use them just in footnotes. (This is an AJP preference; the point is not intended as a comment on how to use these abbreviations in other journals, for example.)

For those who need more advice than is given above, the following table displays links to downloadable pdf versions of brief documents (1–2 pp.) giving more detailed information, including examples, on AJP Journal Style requirements. All documents are provided in both A4 and US Letter formats for easy printing.


A4 Format
US Letter Format
Abbreviations_Contractions_Acronyms Abbreviations_Contractions_Acronyms

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152 892 272
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